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News - West:

  • Training

    I/ITSEC 2023: Why the US Army is spending billions on modernising training facilities in Europe

    24th November 2023

    The US Army is investing in the modernisation of its Grafenwoehr base and training area in Germany, which hosts the 7th Army Training Command, and provides extensive facilities for live training and interoperability with allied forces.

  • Land Warfare

    Leopard MBT: Alpha beast finally gets to work after a long slumber

    21st November 2023

    Leopard MBTs are German-made main battle tanks that have been in service since the Cold War and have undergone several upgrades to remain competitive in modern warfare. This article traces the history and development of the Leopard 1 and 2, its variants, its operational service and its future prospects.

  • Uncrewed Vehicles

    Australian Triton takes to the skies

    14th November 2023

    Australia has ordered four Northrop Grumman MQ-4C Triton UAS which can operate as an uncrewed maritime patrol aircraft (MPA) alongside the country’s in-service Boeing P-8A MPA fleet.

  • Naval Warfare

    Australia’s Tritons edge closer to operations as service contract signed

    9th November 2023

    Australia’s Exclusive Economic Zone off the north-west coast stretches almost to the edge of the continental shelf, in places more than 500km from the coastline, and Tritons and upgraded P-8As will massively boost patrol capability as integrated systems.

  • Naval Warfare

    Navantia offers new corvette design to Australia

    8th November 2023

    Industry contenders have been lining up their offerings for a potential new ‘Tier 2’ surface combatant for the Royal Australian Navy at the Indo-Pacific Maritime exhibition in Sydney.

  • Naval Warfare

    Is the end in sight for Canada’s painful Joint Support Ship procurement journey?

    1st November 2023

    The launch of the second of two new Joint Support Ships for the Royal Canadian Navy has represented steps forward on a project that has suffered huge delays due to supply chain issues and the Covid-19 pandemic, according to Canada's DND.

  • Defence Notes

    Boom time has arrived for South Korean defence exports (Opinion)

    9th October 2023

    The Asian country to make the most spectacular and stellar success in terms of arms exports is none other than South Korea, a nation of 51.7 million citizens.

  • Air Warfare

    Croatia officially receives first Dassault Rafale fighter jet

    3rd October 2023

    The official handover of the first Dassault Rafale B jet is a key development in a deal involving 12 aircraft for Croatia. This marks the start of a transition from Croatia's Soviet-era MiG-21 fighters and legacy aircraft.

  • Naval Warfare

    Taiwan reveals first indigenous submarine to much fanfare

    2nd October 2023

    Taiwan has made good progress with its submarine programme, revealing its initial boat in late September.

  • Naval Warfare

    Can a new operational profile fix Canada's submarine problem?

    20th September 2023

    The four Victoria-class diesel-electric attack submarines (SSKs) of the Royal Canadian Navy (RCN) are in the midst of an evolution into a new operations and maintenance regime. Shephard investigates whether this will solve the navy's recurring issues with having only one boat (or even none) operational for long periods.

  • Air Warfare

    DSEI 2023: Tekever to open new UK site, hints at scaled-up MALE UAV project

    14th September 2023

    Tekever has unveiled its plans to expand in the UK market by establishing a new facility at West Wales Airport in Aberporth, and has also revealed first details of a new large UAV project.

  • Defence Notes

    The centre of gravity of ‘Axis of Evil 2.0’ shifts eastwards (Opinion)

    14th September 2023

    Russia might be at the tip of the spear in terms of authoritarian aggression, but it has plenty of backers in the shape of countries like China, Iran and North Korea. Others, like India, try to duplicitously sit on the fence.

  • Naval Warfare

    DSEI 2023: Can the Royal Navy's submarine fleet handle the pressure?

    12th September 2023

    The third and final instalment of Shephard’s focus on the UK Royal Navy (RN) examines the state of the submarine force. The SSN fleet is still in transition as the last Trafalgar-class boats retire and Astute-class boats struggles to get into service, and pressure on Vanguard-class SSBNs is increasing as the Dreadnought successor project gets under way following long delays.

  • Naval Warfare

    DSEI 2023: Has the Royal Navy cut back its support vessel fleet too far?

    11th September 2023

    This second in Shephard’s three-part series examining the state of the UK RN analyses the fleet of support ships. These important vessels sustain naval forces at sea for long durations and at vast distances, but cuts to the Royal Fleet Auxiliary's fleet have left crucial ships retired or sold, prompting concerns for future missions.

  • Naval Warfare

    How serious a threat is North Korea's nuclear-armed navy?

    8th September 2023

    As well as splurging on ballistic weapons, North Korea has been developing submarines and surface combatants capable of firing nuclear-tipped missiles. Largely based on outdated designs, do they nonetheless pose a serious regional threat?

Programme Results - Defence Insight

  • Light attack, Trainer

    A-29 Nigeria

    Earlier on 3 August 2017, the US State Department announced that it has approved a possible FMS of 12 A-29 Super Tucanos to Nigeria for ...

  • Sealift/replenishment vessels

    Navio Polivalente Logistico (NAVPOL) (Portugal)

    Programme Background Requirements The NAVPOL is expected to feature a flexible and modular LPD design capable of amphibious operations and HADR tasks. Timeline The plans for ...

  • Landing craft and hovercraft

    Manoeuvrable Boats [Japan]

    Programme Background Requirements According to the 2022 Defence Buildup Programme, Japan will procure new manoeuvrable boats for the Japan Ground Self-Defence Force (JGSDF). The boats ...

  • Maritime patrol

    Maritime Patrol Aircraft (Singapore)

    Programme Background Deployed from Changi West airbase, and jointly operated by the RSAF and Republic of Singapore Navy, the ageing Fokker 50 fleet is primarily ...

  • OPVs

    Philippine Coast Guard - Additional French OPVs

    Programme Background The Philippine Coast Guard has set its sights on having a fleet of five new OPVs in its quest to sustain monitoring of ...

  • Military UAS - fixed-wing, Military UAS - MALE

    Anka-S (Nigeria)

    Programme Background Domestic Production Possibility As reported by TurDef, a defence news outlet focussing on Turkey, in March 2023, İsmail Yusuf Abba, Nigeria's ambassador to Ankara, stated at ...

  • Frigates

    Daegu Class (FFX Batch II) [South Korea]

    Programme Background The Incheon and Daegu classes are part of a re-capitalisation effort to replace the older Pohang-class corvettes and Ulsan-class frigates with a new FFX class ...

  • OPVs

    Viana do Castelo-class (Batch II - NPO3S) (Portugal)

    Programme Background Requirements The Viana do Castelo class offshore patrol vessels (OPVs) are used for maritime patrol and surveillance, fisheries protection, SAR, anti-drug and anti-arms trafficking, illegal ...

  • Submarines nuclear, ballistic missile

    Type 096

    Programme Background The Type 096 SSBNs are expected to operate alongside the PLANs Type 094 Jin-class submarines which entered service between 2007 and 2020. These ...

  • APCs/IFVs - 4x4

    LAV Replacement (Japan)

    Programme Background The Japan Ground Self-Defense Force (JGSDF) and Japan Air Self-Defense Force (JASDF) received 1,937 Light Armoured Vehicles (LAVs) from Komatsu between 2001 and ...

  • Landing platform docks/dock landing ships

    Plataforma Naval Multifuncional [Portugal]

    Programme Background Requirements In June 2022, the Portuguese Navy released the concept of a multifunctional called Plataforma Naval Multifuncional (PNM). The programme will be carried out using ...

  • Military helicopters - attack

    Future Attack Reconnaissance Aircraft (FARA) (USA)

    Programme Background Requirement The US Army initiated the FARA project in 2018 to develop a replacement for Army attack and scout helicopters, such as the OH-58D Kiowa and AH-64 Apaches. ...

  • Military UAS - rotary-wing, Military UAS - tactical

    Système de Drone Aérien pour la Marine (SDAM) [France]

    Programme Background Requirement The requirement for the SDAM programme is a rotary-wing VTOL-capable UAV with a modular configuration capable of hosting a range of payloads. ...

  • Submarines: nuclear, attack

    AUKUS-SSNs [Australia]

    Programme Background AUKUS Australia announced on 16 September 2021 that the contract with Naval Group signed in 2016 had been cancelled. Although not a surprising ...

  • Submarines: nuclear, attack

    AUKUS-SSNs/SSN(R) Astute Replacement Programme [UK]

    Programme Background Requirements The UK MoD has begun the planning process to replace the seven Astute-class nuclear attack submarines (SSNs) under the SSN-Replacement (SSN(R)) programme ...

Equipment Results - Defence Insight

  • CESA

    The CESA (Centre d’Essais et de Services sur les Systèmes Autonomes) UAV test centre is a collaboration between the Bordeaux TechnoWest technopole, DSAC (Directions de ...

  • Land: Radio and SATCOM


    The Falcon III RF-300H is Harris’s next-generation Falcon radio. The manpack solution was first presented at the AFCEA West conference on 21 February 2017. The ...

  • OPVs


    The Kingston-class undertakes a minehunter and coastal patrol roles with the Royal Canadian Navy. A total of 12 were built by Halifax Shipyards and commissioned ...

  • Sea: procedural training


    DAS supports the development and deployment of the Interactive Multisensor Analysis Training (IMAT) system for the US Navy, used at navy schoolhouse and training centres, ...

  • Fighter - electronic warfare

    Tornado ECR EW

    The Panavia Tornado Electronic Combat Reconnaissance Aircraft (ECR), is a twin-engine multi-role combat aircraft developed and manufactured jointly by the governments and industry bases of Italy, ...

  • Naval guns

    RPK-8/ RBU-6000

    RPK-8, also known as Zapad (West), is a rocket launcher system designated to provide protection against surface ships, enemy submarines and torpedoes. At the core ...

  • Tanks

    Leopard 1

    The Leopard 1 was developed from 1956-65 to meet the requirement of the West Germany Army for a new MBT to replace the US-supplied M47s ...

  • Submachine guns


    The MP5 is one of the most prolific 9mm SMGs in production, with more than 100 variants developed to meet the requirements of military, paramilitary ...

  • Air: helicopter flight simulators

    UH-60 Black Hawk Training Devices

    FlightSafety offers UH-60A/L pilot training on their Black Hawk Level D simulator at West Palm Beach, Florida. The UH-60A/L pilot training features the company’s exclusive ...

  • Patrol boats

    RPB 33

    The RPB 33 offshore patrol boat from France's Raidco Marine is designed for the use of naval forces to enhance maritime surveillance capabilities. This new ...

  • Land: fire control systems


    Fieldguard is an active all-weather fire control system used to improve the accuracy of field artillery and multiple rocket launchers. Originally developed by Oerlikon Contraves ...

  • Helicopter engines


    The T58 is a US turboshaft helicopter engine. Development commenced with a 1953 USN requirement for a helicopter turboshaft to weigh under 180kg while delivering ...

  • OPVs

    OPV 190 MKII

    The OCEA OPV 190 MKII is descended from the OCEA OPVs range. This multipurpose vessel is designed for law enforcement and surveillance operations, anti-smuggling and illegal ...

  • Submarines: conventional, attack

    Santa Cruz (TR 1700) Class

    The Santa Cruz-class diesel-electric submarines were built for the Argentine Navy by Thyssen Nordseewerke. Six submarines based on the TR 1700 type were planned for ...

  • Military UAS - fixed-wing, Military UAS - HALE


    The Caihong (Rainbow), also known as the Cai Hong or CH, is a solar-powered HALE platform designed for near-space flight. It is suitable for military ...