To make this website work, we log user data. By using Shephard's online services, you agree to our Privacy Policy, including cookie policy.

Open menu Search

Smaller nations under threat – finding the right training focus

2nd August 2023 - 10:00 GMT | by Giles Ebbutt in Plymouth


Small, well-trained and equipped professional forces will eventually reach a point where they and their resources are exhausted. (Photo: UK MoD/Crown Copyright)

It is inevitable that a country’s military training policy will be driven by its situation in the world, and also by its society.

Small countries that feel under existential threat from a large neighbour have a particular problem if they wish to maintain a normal existence, but still feel able to offer significant resistance to aggression.

Brig Gen Vahur Karus, Commandant of the Estonian Military Academy, outlined this dilemma at the 2023 DSET conference in Bristol. He reminded his audience that Estonia had been occupied by Russia in 1940 and there was ‘no intention of allowing it to happen again’.

The country has an area of 45,000 sq km and a population of only 1.3 million. While its defence budget is 3% of

Already have an account? Log in

Want to keep reading this article?

Read this Article

Get access to this article with a Free Basic Account

  • Original curated content, daily across air, land and naval domains
  • 2 free stories per week
  • Personalised news alerts
  • Daily and weekly newsletters
Create account

Unlimited Access

Access to all our premium news as a Premium News 365 Member. Corporate subscriptions available.

  • Original curated content, daily across air, land and naval domains
  • 14-day free trial (cancel at any time)
  • Unlimited access to all published premium news
Start your free trial
Giles Ebbutt


Giles Ebbutt

Giles Ebbutt is a Shephard Media correspondent based in the UK who specialises in C4ISR …

Read full bio

Share to