DN - Defence Notes

Russia must develop new missile types in next two years states defence minister

5th February 2019 - 14:38 GMT | by ​Agence France-Presse in Moscow

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Russia's defence minister Sergei Shoigu on 5 February said the country must develop new types of missile systems in the next two years, after Washington and Moscow both withdrew from the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) agreement

The United States has repeatedly accused Russia of violating the INF agreement and on 1 February President Donald Trump said Washington was starting the process of withdrawing from the treaty in six months.

In a tit-for-tat move on 2 February, Russian President Vladimir Putin said Moscow was also leaving the treaty and beginning to work on new types of weapons that would breach the Cold War-era agreement.

Many analysts say abandoning the 1987 treaty could effectively signal the start of a new arms race.

At a meeting with officials on 5 February, Shoigu said Russia should develop two new missile systems in the next two years. 

‘During 2019-2020 we have to develop a land-based version of the seaborne Kalibr system equipped with a long-range cruise missile which showed good results in Syria,’ Shoigu told defence officials. ‘Over the same period we will also have to create a land-based missile system with a long-range hypersonic missile.'

The defence minister said the plans had been approved by Putin.

The INF agreement forbids ground-launched, short- and intermediate-range missiles, but not those launched from the air or sea. Defence experts say converting seaborne and air-launched missile systems for ground use will be advantageous for Russia since producing such missiles will be cheaper and quicker.

‘The use of seaborne and air-launched missiles will allow us to significantly reduce the time needed to produce the new missiles as well as financing for them,’ Shoigu said. He also tasked defence officials with extending the maximum range of ground-based missiles ‘that are being developed today.’

Defence experts say because ground-based intermediate-range missiles are cheaper, Russia could theoretically place more of them within range of European targets. Speaking to Shoigu on 2 February, Putin said Russia would not put any such missile ‘in Europe or other regions of the world’ unless the United States did so first.

The INF treaty was signed in 1987 by then US president Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev. The last nuclear arms control treaty between Washington and Moscow - the NEW START treaty - expires in 2021. 

Most analysts expect it will not be extended.

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