US Navy takes information warfare below the waves
'Information warfare [IW] is its own warfighting domain. No other warfighting area can execute without us... It is essential to the navy prevailing. We can complicate what an adversary does,' the commander of Naval Information Forces, VAdm Kelly Aeschbach, said at the annual convention of the Association of Old Crows in Washington in late October.
As 'type commander' for IW, her service-wide responsibilities include intelligence, communications, cyber offence and defence, oceanography, meteorology, electronic warfare (EW), information operations and space capabilities. She said: 'EMSO [electromagnetic spectrum operations] is the fabric of IW' that 'ties all those elements together'.
Among the examples she gave of IW capabilities adding to operational maritime forces is a pilot programme putting navy specialist IW personnel on board deploying submarines. Detachments of three enlisted personnel, with at least one being an EW specialist, will be on the submarines USS Wisconsin and New Mexico when they next deploy, she said.
The navy submarine force, she said, 'wants to invest in having IW experts on the team'. 'Investment in the pilot programme is intended to bring exquisite understanding of EW, intelligence and cyber' to submarine operations, she said. 'If you have an information advantage and know where to put your weapons, it is tremendously powerful.'
Previously, she said, 'the submarine force did EW as a collateral duty. They did have a direct [electronic] support capability and dedicated collection support for certain missions, but no one full-time.'
Commander-level IW specialist officers deployed as part of carrier strike groups starting in 2019. Aeschbach said that amphibious ready groups are now deploying with them as well. Fleet Information Warfare Command Pacific, is, she said 'responsible for planning and coordinating IW capabilities for Pacific fleets'.
The Warfighting Development Center is establishing IW teams to support numbered fleet commanders, starting with those in the Pacific.
Increased investment on readiness, she said, included 'accelerated delivery of the SLQ-32 [shipboard electronic warfare system] though we don’t have a training course for latest version, so we have an interim training course'.
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