India 'air strikes' send Pakistan tensions surging
India said on 26 February 2019 it had launched air strikes against militant camps in Pakistan's territory, triggering international concern over a dangerous escalation between the nuclear-armed rivals.
Pakistan denied India's claim that the attack had inflicted major damage and casualties on militants responsible for a suicide attack in Kashmir earlier this month as ‘reckless and fictitious’, and said it would respond in due course.
The purported attack would be India's first use of air strikes against Pakistan since 1971, when the two went to war over Bangladesh's independence.
The incursion across the ceasefire line that divides Kashmir came after India threatened retaliation over the February 14 suicide bombing, claimed by the Pakistan-based Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM) group, that killed 40 Indian troops.
The escalation has triggered international alarm, with China and the European Union calling for both sides to show restraint. New Delhi said its jets had hit a JeM training camp and killed ‘a very large number’ of militants training to stage suicide attacks in India.
‘In the face of imminent danger, a preemptive strike became absolutely necessary,’ Indian Foreign Secretary Vijay Gokhale said.
Pakistan said it scrambled its fighters to push back the intruders, condemning the ‘uncalled-for aggression’ and denying a militant camp was targeted.
Foreign Minister Shah Memhmood Qureshi said his country would ‘respond at the time and place of its choosing’.
Pakistan military spokesman Major General Asif Ghafoor said on Twitter that the Indian jets had crossed the Line of Control that divides Indian- and Pakistani-administered Kashmir and that they had merely released a ‘payload in haste while escaping’ near Balakot.
He did not say what was meant by a ‘payload’.
India's foreign ministry also said the camp was at Balakot, but gave no further detail and the exact location remained unclear. Balakot is in Pakistan's north-western Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province, a few kilometres outside of the portion of Kashmir it controls.
A strike inside undisputed Pakistani territory would be a serious heightening of the rivalry that has existed since India and Pakistan divided after independence from Britain in 1947.
Residents in Balakot described hearing at least four explosions overnight, but said the damage had been minimal.
‘There is one house near the place whose wall has collapsed, and one person got minor injuries,’ said 25-year-old Zubari Afzal.
The Pakistani military escorted journalists to the site where it said the payload had been dropped.
An AFP reporter could see a crater roughly six feet deep and equally wide, and two trees that had been snapped in half, but the only nearby buildings were three mud houses, one with a collapsed wall.
'Bleed with 1,000 cuts'
Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Pakistan counterpart Imran Khan both summoned emergency meetings of top ministers after the attack.
Khan also convened a meeting for Wednesday of the National Command Authority, which oversees command and control of the country's nuclear arsenal, the military said.
Modi, who is expected to call an election in April, had threatened a ‘jaw-breaking’ response to the February 14 attack.
But at a rally in Rajasthan on Tuesday, the Indian leader did not directly mention the strike. He paid tribute to the military and said: ‘I assure the nation that the country is in safe hands.’
Other top Indian officials said the strike displayed the country's determination to act against Pakistan - which New Delhi accuses of using militants as proxies against it.
‘They say they want India to bleed with a 1,000 cuts. We say that each time you attack us, be certain we will get back at you, harder and stronger,’ said foreign affairs minister of state, Vijay Kumar Singh, a former head of the Indian army.
While India has consistently accused its neighbour of supporting extremist groups, Pakistan has equally vehemently denied any role in attacks in India and its only Muslim-majority state, Kashmir.
This is the biggest crisis between the neighbours since 2016, when Pakistan-based militants attacked an Indian army camp in Kashmir, killing 19 soldiers.
In response, India launched what it called ‘surgical strikes’ in Pakistan Kashmir. Pakistan denied the strikes ever took place.
Pakistani military analyst Hasan Askari called the latest events ‘dangerous’. ‘If such actions continue, it can escalate into major conflict, which will not serve any purpose but to plunge the region into serious crisis,’ he said.
However, Samir Saran, president of the Observer Research Foundation think tank in New Delhi said the fact that India remained vague over the exact spot it had targeted was a sign that New Delhi did not want an all-out conflict.
This is to take the pressure off Pakistanis. We are still telling them that we don't want an escalation. Which is why we have said that we have taken a pre-emptive measure. You don't have to make this into a war, if you don't want to,’ he said.
More from Defence Notes
Amentum to provide ground support for US Navy hypersonic development
The US Naval Surface Warfare Center (NSWC) Crane Strategic Systems Hardware Division (GXW) has awarded Amentum a five-year contract with a potential value of $70 million. …
Why delays in approving the FY2024 budget can widen the gap between Chinese and US capabilities
Naval shipbuilding and restocking key munitions, as well as development projects, may be directly impacted by short-term funding measures.
SOF Week 2023: USSOCOM chief highlights special forces lessons learned from Ukraine relationship
USSOCOM Commander Gen Bryan P Fenton has highlighted the importance of relationship-building between US SOF and their Ukrainian counterparts since 2014.
Miltrade ready to expand regionally, says Singaporean SME's CEO
At IMDEX Asia 2023, the CEO of Singaporean SME Miltrade said his company was ready to expand its business into the wider region.