Europeans $100 billion short of NATO spending pledge, says study
Europe would need to boost defence spending by more than $100 billion to hit the NATO spending pledge that has stirred much anger by US President Donald Trump, a study showed on 15 February 2019.
The failure of many European allies to get even close to the NATO target of spending 2% of their national output on defence by 2024 has infuriated Trump, who accuses them of freeloading. Figures from the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) showed that NATO's 27 European countries fell short of the 2% target by $102 billion in 2018.
The IISS's annual Military Balance report said European NATO members would ‘collectively have had to increase their spending by 38%’ to hit the 2% target in 2018.
Trump's anger over spending has fuelled concern about his commitment to the transatlantic alliance, culminating in an explosive summit last year where he launched a blistering public attack on Berlin in a televised meeting with Chancellor Angela Merkel.
US military spending dwarfs that of the rest of the alliance - in 2018 Washington spent nearly $650 billion on defence, compared with around $250 billion for all the European NATO members combined, according to the IISS report.
NATO expects seven European countries to meet the 2% target when final figures for 2018 are calculated - up from just three a year earlier. But while Germany is making efforts to boost military spending, the sheer size of its economy means it is hard to quickly increase the percentage relative to its hefty gross domestic product (GDP).
To hit the 2% target, analysts say Berlin would need to vastly raise its defence expenditure between 2017 and 2024 - a problematic undertaking in any country, let alone one with Germany's post-war history of unease about military strength.
The increase in US spending alone from 2017 to 2018 - around $45 billion - almost equalled the entire German defence budget, the report noted.
The US Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Energy has awarded a series of contracts worth a combined total of almost $1.8 billion to deliver various types ...
Welcome to Episode 30 of the second series of The Weekly Defence Podcast. Listen on Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, Spotify and more. Sign up to an early email alert ...
The US DoD will reposition nearly 12,000 military personnel serving in Germany to alternative NATO countries and in preparation for rotational deployments to the Black ...
The corridors of Whitehall are generally quiet peaceful places, but in recent weeks there has been the Civil Service equivalent of an almighty shouting match, ...
Space payloads usually cost tens or hundreds of millions of dollars and their loss can be a huge setback for their operators. Launcher reliability is ...
QinetiQ is to lead the Weapons Sector Research Framework (WSRF) contract for the UK Defence Science and Technology Laboratory (Dstl), working with MBDA and Thales ...