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Indian Navy explores weaponised USV swarms

24th February 2023 - 12:00 GMT | by Neelam Mathews in Delhi


This image shows the configuration of the USV that Sagar Defence Engineering is working on for the Indian Navy. (Image: SDEL)

The Indian Navy is looking into how it might utilise USV swarms, and is working in conjunction with a local company.

The first prototype USV for a weaponised 12-boat swarm ordered by the Indian Navy (IN) will be demonstrated by the end of this year.

A contract for India’s first armed autonomous uncrewed boat with swarming capabilities was awarded early this year to private start-up Sagar Defence Engineering Ltd (SDEL). The company has been working on complete indigenisation of USVs for the past decade, including improved autonomy, electric propulsion and battery capacity.

The IN is using the project to understand and evaluate USV swarm capabilities for practical exploitation. If successful, the order could run into higher numbers.

Nikunj Parashar, co-founder of

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Neelam Mathews


Neelam Mathews

Neelam Mathews was born in India and completed her education in London.

She has written for …

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